The development of the violin-like instruments could be traced to the 9th and 10th centuries when string instruments were used in music performance.
String instruments are referred to as instruments that are bowed. For example, Lira (lyre) and Fiddle (3 strings). These string instruments had their origin in Central Asia- part of Mongolia, and were subsequently modified in Europe by the Europeans using various crafting method and technique.
One of the inventors of the violin was Andréa Amati, an Italian and an apprentice under a Lira maker. He was from Cremona in Milan, Italy. He made a violin in the 16th century (1555). Other inventors include the families of Guarneri and Ruggeri; and Antonio Stradivari. The oldest serving was named Charles 1X, after the king of France in 1564.
‘Lira da braccios’ was the name given to those instruments that are placed in between legs and bowed to play them, for example, cello and double bass.
The Strings family
- Violin (smallest)
- Double bass(biggest)
All of them have four strings, similar but of different shapes.
The violin sound is close to human voice-singing. It exists in various sizes: ¼, ½, ¾, 4/4, inches length. We play the violin with a bow. A bow is a slightly curved stick with hair attached to it.
Features of the Violin
- The wooden body
- Fingerboard/fret board
- Tail piece
- Fine-tuner adjuster
The strings are tuned by tightening or loosening the pegs as indicated above.
VIOLIN MUSIC PERFORMANCE
The person who plays the violin is called the violinist. He/she plays some notes on the violin to produce music.
Performing music on the violin requires good skill and concentration. Most of the time, the violinist does not see the fingerboard (which isn’t divided with short iron lines) like the guitar. The player has to use his/her sense of tonality and understanding of notes, scales to being out the tunes.
Violin music genres
The violin can be used in different music genres:
- Traditional songs in Celtic-folk songs from Scotland using fiddle.
- Irish music
- Hungarian music
- Blues and Jazz
- Classical music
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